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NEW HEADING 1
It's time to "Spring Forward" for Daylight Savings and its history
March 20, 2014James F Byrnes Freshman Academy
Daylight Savings moves the clocks forward an hour, takes place mostly in North America and Europe, and is mainly used for saving energy and resources. However, as of December 2013, most areas of Asia, Africa and some places of South America don’t use DST (Daylight Savings Time).
In most of North America the time changes during the second Sunday of March and the first Sunday of November. In Europe, it takes generally place on the last Sunday of March and the last Sunday of October.
Daylight savings in the United States used to start on the first Sunday of April and end on the last Sunday of October.
Daylight Savings Time is controversial, loved by some people and hated by others. StandardTime.com is very against DST, whereas LigherLater.org wants an “extreme daylight savings time” by adding an hour to standard time and then adding another hour when daylight savings comes around, therefore adding about two hours to the current standard time.
“I love Daylight Savings,” commented Mrs. Vaughn, the media center specialist at Byrnes Freshman Academy.
A comment on an article about daylight savings on news.nationalgeographic.com from the user, “Michael Marrello,” humorously read, “It’s 7:30 Sunday morning and it’s still dark outside. How is this good? Monday I will be at work at 7:00, and the sun will still be below the horizon. Give me my mornings back!”
According to Timeanddate.com, Daylight Savings Time originated in ancient times by adjusting, “their daily schedules in accordance to the sun, such as the Roman water clock.”
Benjamin Franklin thought of the concept first in 1784, but George Vernon Hudson proposed modern DST in 1895.
Although Benjamin Franklin and George Vernon Hudson thought of Daylight Savings Time, William Willett is mainly credited for the idea of Daylight Savings.
Daylight savings was adopted by the Germans during World War I to save fuel for lights. This caused other countries to adopt it, too.
After the war, they reverted back to standard time, until World War II, in which President Franklin D. Roosevelt suggested a year-round daylight savings in the United States, which he called “War Time” until the war was over. It was then renamed “Peace Time.”
Daylight savings has changed many times since then. In the United States of America, from 1945 to 1966, public transportation vehicles (buses, trains, etc.) and broadcasting industries (radios, televisions, etc.) were confused on the time since each state could set when and if they would participate in DST.
This was ended when Congress established the Uniform Time Act of 1966 that made the dates of starting and ending DST the last Sunday of April and end on the last Sunday of October. States could still choose if they wanted to participate in daylight savings time.
Currently, the United States uses the Energy Policy Act of 2005 for daylight savings. This changed the dates again to the second Sunday of March and the first Sunday of November.